PC Security

Lock down your PC

Lock your hard drives

Lock your PC hard drive help you prevent unwanted direct access or remote access to your data without your approval. How to lock or encrypt hard drives

  • Go to control panel and then click on Bit-Locker (for Window & up) and turn on Bit-Locker on any drive you want to lock. 

  • If your PC does not have Bit-Locker, Vera Crypt is an alternative. You can download Vera Crypt from https://veracrypt.codeplex.com

Note: You can can also lock your USB or other external drives with Bit Locker or Vera Crypt

Set up Window password

Set operating system password (Window) is helpful to prevent unauthorized access.

How to set up Window password

  • Control Panel\User Accounts and Family Safety\User Accounts/Create or change your window password.

Set up BIOS password

Make sure that, when starting the computer, it asks for the passwords before running operating system.

How to set up BIOS password

  • Turn on computer power/click set up key (could be F1, F2, F10, Del or other combination keys depend on type of computer and it operating system)/Select boot from “Hard Disk” for first boot device/ set user password or BIOS password/save and exit.

Note: if the computer boots from USB, CD-ROM or DVD device, the intruders could use their operating system on those devices to log into your data without using your computer operating system.

Browsers, Add-Ons & Extension

Based on PC Advisor & Stat Counter, 52.76% of internet users are using Chrome browser whilst 9.3% are using Firefox, 10.27% are using Internet Explorer and 12.39% are using Safari.

Within Internet Hotline Cambodia and APLE organization, Chrome and Firefox are recommended to be used by their personnel because of of their strong privacy and security features. Furthermore, both browsers have extra useful Add-Ons and Extensions in which the personnel could use to improve safety of their PCs whilst surfing internet.

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Anti-Virus & Spyware online

Installing Antivirus & Anti spyware in your PC is crucial to protect it from viruses, hackers, spyware, adware & other malicious software. It is recommended to purchase a well- known & trusted one that you know but if you could not afford to pay, a number of free open source software are available such as Avast (combined antivirus & spyware), Ad-Ware (combined antivirus & spyware), Spybot (anti spyware), Comodo Firewall and so on. Download any software you like and trust from its company website and install it into your PC.

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Tips to Prevent Hacking

There is no method to ensure 100% that you will not be hacked, professional hackers are clever and are always coming up with new methods of deception. The common method of hacking is to steal your passwords and to penetrate spyware into your PC. Tips below will help you to maximize your PC security:

  • Wipe out your data including username and password from your PC before selling it out or giving it to someone. You can use Ccleaner, paladin or other wiping software to completely format data from your PC.

  • Don’t lend anyone you don’t trust your PC; hacker could install spyware that will steal your data and password. Don’t think that your friend could not do it, some spyware is free of charge online.

  • Don’t download any free game/software/application from an unknown or untrusted source/website. It could be attached with spyware that can steal your data, oversee your activities on your PC or gain control on your webcam and microphone. If it is a must, google the name of game/software/application and the source/website to find out what other people said about it.

  • Avoid clicking Agree, OK, or I accept in banner ads or pop up.

  • Read all security warnings, license agreements, and privacy statements associated with any software you downloaded before installing into your PC.

  • Enable Window Firewall that can help prevent hackers or malicious software from gaining access to your computer through a network or the Internet.

  • Don’t open to read suspicious email from unknown source.

  • Don’t click on any strange website (strange URL address) that you don’t really know, for example: www.xd4hl2jhljhhle60.xyk . The site could be run by hacker.

  • Frequently check the sources of programs, games and other applications that are running in your PC by:

    • Search => Run => msconfig => Click the start-up & manufacturer or publisher tap

    • Check! if you see “unknown”, delete or untick it because the unknown source could be malicious source or the hacker.